Tuesday, December 8, 2009

Literature Review (Anna) Part 2: Online Dating and Same-Sex Dating

1. Lever, J., Grov, C., Royce, T., & Gillespie, B. (2008). Searching for Love in All the “Write” Places: Exploring Internet Personals Use by Sexual Orientation, Gender, and Age. International Journal of Sexual Health, 20 (4), 233-246.

This article is comprised of research based on an online survey of 15,246 individuals and their use of the Internet personals and adult websites. Findings suggest that the Internet functions not only as a means of screening for desired characteristics, but also as a shield against prejudice in real life.

2. Collins, W., Welsh, D., & Furman, W. (2009). Adolescent Romantic Relationships. Annual Review of Psychology, 60(1), 631.

This article incorporates observational methods of research as well as questionnaires of adolescents. Researchers use Internet sites such as Facebook and MySpace to recruit sample subjects. Casual involvement in activities taking place with romantic partners, is termed “hooking up” and the adolescent practices are examined here.

3. Subrahmanyam, R., Greenfield, P. , Tynes, B. (2004). Constructing Sexuality and Identity in an Online Teen Chat Room. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 25(6), 651-666.

This article explores how issues of sexuality and identity are constructed in a teen chat room. The research used a qualitative discourse methodology to analyze a half-hour transcript from a monitored teen chat room, comparing it to a second transcript in a prior study.

4. Wilson, S., Peterson, L. (2002). Anthropology of Online Communities. Annual Review of Anthropology, 31(1), 449-467.

This research seeks to identify promising new directions for study such as how power and access manifest in the arena of the Internet. American teenage dating practices in chat rooms –and community maintenance in an online lesbian café- illustrates how offline social roles and existing cultural ideologies are played out in online communication.

5. Abowitz, D., Knox, D., Zusman, M., & Mcneely, A. (2009). Beliefs About Romantic Relationships: Gender Differences Among Undergraduates. College Student Journal, 43(2), 276-284.

Research was conducted on 326 undergraduate students. They filled out an anonymous 74 item questionnaire designed to assess beliefs about men, women, and relationships. Significant differences were found in 14 items

6. Turner Strong, P. (1996). Feminist Theory and the “Invasion of the Heart” in North America. Ethnohistory, 43(4), 683-712.

This article contains women’s response’s to colonization and Christianity on the subject of gender roles and dating customs.

7. Bucholtz, M. (2002). Youth and Cultural Practice. Annual Review of Anthropology, 31(1), 525-552.

The anthropology of youth is characterized by its attention to the agency of young people, and its interest in how identities emerge. The research usually approaches adolescence from the perspective of adulthood, but here aims to focus on youth cultural practices, such as dating.

8. Jones, D. (1995). Sexual Selection, Physical Attractiveness, and Facial Neoteny: Cross Cultural Evidence and Implications. Current Anthropology, 36(5), 723-748.

This article focuses on an anomaly associated with physical attractiveness- in our species, males seem to be more concerned than females with physical attractiveness of potential sex partners. Research on five populations, examine attraction to neotenous facial proportions (large eyes, small nose, full lips) and relative “attraction” of these populations.

9. Giordano, P., Longmore, M., & Manning, W. (2006). Gender and the Meanings of Adolescent Romantic Relationships: A Focus on Boys. American Sociological Review, 7(2), 260-287.

Researchers findings are based on structured interviews with over 1,300 Ohio adolescents participating. Also, findings based on in-depth relationship history narratives. The article examines the experiences of adolescent boys and girls in the context of the romantic dyad. It focuses on the nature on communication, emotion, and influence within adolescent dating relationships.

10.Thorne, A., Coupland, J. (1998). Articulations of Same Sex Desire. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 2(2), 233-257.

This article examines dating advertisements used in formulating identities. It acknowledges the reality that homosexuals do not have ready access to
family-centered life-events and rituals, which lowers their ability to meet and form intimate relationships. Research is based on written text ads and spoken (telephone-based) texts. Sub-samples considered were 100 lesbian and 100 gay male ads.

11.Kurdek, L. (2007). Avoidance Motivation and Relationship Commitment in Heterosexual, Gay Male, and Lesbian Partners. Personal Relationships, 14(2), 291-306.

Research analyzes dating, engaged and married people on the issue of commitment or personal dedication, constraint, and avoidance motivation. Findings show that gay male and lesbian partners lack the social and institutional supports that help to stabilize relationships.


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